Fire King 古董杯:把美式懷舊活過來 Fire-King Vintage Mugs Marked as American Retro
Updated: Nov 5, 2018
People can never go back to where they were so making something retro becomes the way that they can trace the old days back. Fire King mugs were produced by an American manufacture of glassware, Anchor Hocking in the 1940s for daily use and become popular for some collectors of vintage later on. Its JADE-ITE mugs are also featured in Wang Kar-wai's film.
文 / 特約編輯 Savern Bleu 塞豆窿
譯 ／陳頤倍 Belinda Chen
Fire-King 古董杯是1940年代美國盛行的餐具，由美國玻璃公司Anchor Hocking生產，後來成為古玩愛好者的收藏品。經典Fire-King杯子名為JADE-ITE，杯身呈半透明翠綠色，因此得名「翡翠」。 晶瑩剔透的翠綠玻璃來自循環再造的綠色牛奶樽及玻璃樽，並在生產過程中加入硼，增強抗熱性和抗腐蝕性。Fire-King杯身特厚，手感順滑，比一般陶瓷或玻璃耐用，於是成為當時美國家庭和餐廳廣泛使用的餐具品牌。
Collecting Fire-King mugs is seen as a way of retro. Fire-King mugs were produced by an American manufacture of glassware, Anchor Hocking in the 1940s for daily use and become popular for some collectors of vintage later on. The classic collection of Fire-King mug is “JADE-ITE”. The mugs are in creamy jade color. Their thick-walled bodies and smoothness made them widely used in households as well as restaurants in America at that time.
Jade-ite系列款式眾多，包括不同體積、厚度的餐具器皿，簡約設計和工藝精神貫穿整個品牌。細心留意下， 我們可以根據杯耳彎度，把Fire King Mugs分類為C-handle和D-handle兩個類別。C-handle多作Restaurant Ware餐廳專門用，杯身較重和厚，產量相對較少。
There are various types of mugs in the JADE-ITE collection. It might help people to know about it by their handles in C or D shapes. The wall of body for the mug with C-handle is thicker than that with D-handle. It was more often used as restaurant tableware so compared with D-handle its quantities are relatively fewer.
另外，王家衛經典電影《花樣年華》裡， 周慕雲（梁朝偉飾演）和蘇麗珍（張曼玉飾演）在金雀餐廳的一幕同樣能發現Jade-ite杯的身影。 電影設於1950年代，富有濃郁的古雅氣息。戲中用上了具精緻感的Jade-ite漩渦花紋系列，襯托著梁朝偉的含蓄、張曼玉的優雅。由於Jade-ite杯在這經典場面擔當了重要的點綴效果，相信不少王家衛影迷對Fire King古董杯情有獨鍾，增加其收藏價。
JADE-ITE cups are also featured in Wang Kar-wai's film "In the Mood for Love". In the scene where Chow Mo-wan (Tony Leung) and Su Li-zhen (Maggie Cheung) meet in Goldfinch Restaurant, the JADE-ITE cups with swirl pattern are as not merely props but the metaphors of Chow's reticence and Su's gracefulness, which turns many of Wang Kar-wai's fans into the collectors of JADE-ITE tablewares.
除了經典的Jade-ite，Fire King還有林林總總的別注系列。如Kimberly 系列，以南非鑽石發源地金伯利命名，Kimberly咖啡杯以鑽石為靈感，利用菱形立體壓花製作，並採用漸層顏色， 比古樸大方的Jade-ite有更豐富的觸感和視覺效果。
In addition to JADE-ITE, Fire King has many other collections such as Kimberly and Anniversary Rose. Kimberly was named by the origin of diamond in South Africa. In the concept of diamond, Kimberly mugs were made by 3D embossing in diamond shape and painted in gradient colors. Compared with JADE-ITE, Kimberly brings people more senses of touch and vision effect.
另一代表作是手繪圖案設計的Anniversary Rose系列，優雅的玫瑰圖樣是此系列的靈魂。 皎白的咖啡杯和盤子，鍍上金邊，映襯著手繪玫瑰的細緻，成為不少Fire King迷的收藏對象。
In Anniversary Rose collection, the pattern of rose is the spirit of it. The mug and plate in clear, bright whiteness with the golden edge and the delicate drawing of rose pattern bring Fire King more followers.
雖然元祖Fire King早已70年代停產，日本卻掀起一陣收藏熱潮， 甚至推出圖鑑，可見日本Fire King收藏迷的狂熱程度。後來有一家日本公司購買Fire King品牌系列，推出復刻版，至今仍在經營。設計方面，日製復刻杯子多數為D-handle Mug，並曾與多個品牌聯乘，譬如美國老牌布料PENDLETON和英雄漫畫Marvel Studio。此外，有不少產品沿用舊美式圖案，設計、畫風、用色都帶有濃烈的美國vintage風采。
In the 1970s, Anchor Hocking stopped producing Fire King mugs, which yet deepened Japanese collectors' interest in having them. A Japanese company then bought the series collections of Fire King and made the remarks for it. Most of the remarks are D-handle mugs. Some have crossover with other brands such as Pendleton, an American textile manufacturing company and Marvel Studio, an American motion picture studio. Many of them are still made in the design, colors and patterns that could be seen in American old days.
由於原裝美製的Fire King杯經已絕版，與它的緣分相信要從二手市場或古玩收藏家才能找到，相當罕有。而在香港，有間個性咖啡店也有Fire King的蹤跡。座落於西環保德街的Artisan Garden Café，熱愛vintage的店主Rensis，在美國留學期間收藏了大量Fire King系列的廚具，更大方地以絕版產物招呼客人，共同分享收藏之樂。甫進咖啡店，掛在牆上的一隻隻復古杯子映入眼簾。由絕版Jade-ite，以至不同顏色、系列、大小的Fire King產物都可以在這裡找到，絕對是一家親民的Fire King博物館。 每次來點一杯咖啡，都讓人期待店主會用哪一種Fire King杯子，呈上不一樣的驚喜。Cafe門口更設有販物的小櫃位，為客人提供收藏古董杯子和各項復古小物的途徑。
Since Fire King mugs discontinued, now they can be only found in flea market or gotten from the collectors of vintage. However, in Honk Kong, people can always find Fire King mugs in Artisan Garden Café, a coffee shop located in Po Tuck street, Sai Wan. The owner Rensis is an enthusiast for vintage who collected numerous glassware of Fire King and even share them with his guests. When coming into the shop, people can see the wall where all kinds of Fire King mugs are hanged. They will be served the coffee in different types of Fire King mugs every time they visit.
另外，在上環西街的 「復修行 nlostnfound」 古董懷舊小店亦有JADE-ITE系列出售。小店陳列出C-handle和D-handle的杯子、杯碟和盤子，翠綠的Fire-King與周邊的古物相映成趣，來這裡的尋寶者必然大開眼界。
The original JADE-ITE C-handle, D-handle cups and mugs, and also some plates could be found in nlostnfound, a vintage shop located in Sheung Wan of Hong Kong which constitute as a crucial part of its vintage collections.
隨著時代變遷， 時光拿走了一些印證生活於那個年代的好東西。我們不知不覺地甘於「被取代」，收音機被電視取代，唱片被網上音樂串流取代，當年普及的Fire King 也被康寧餐具（Corelle）取代。 跨越半世紀，幸好仍有一群收藏者捍衛著Fire King，讓我們重新認識舊物之美。
With time passing, it took away something wonderful belonging to the particular times. People's life is unconsciously constantly replaced by everything new. Yet, there are still some collectors of Fire King mugs who remind people of the beauty of vintage.